The Byzantine Museum’s permanent exhibition is held in the Ottoman mosque, Mecidiye Cami, which was built in the mid 19th century and was renovated in the context by European funds via the Third Framework of support. Under the funding of the North Aegean Region Operational Programme. The exhibition is part of the effort to promote the monument, making it a part of it. The monument and the exhibition thus complete each other. The exhibition aims to inform the visitors about the history and culture of Chios from the early christian period to the modern era. It also attempts to show how different cultural groups lived in harmony during various periods of the island’s history.